In England, King Henry VIII fell out with the Pope over divorce and separated the church in England from Rome, creating himself 'Head of the church in
England', and allowing his Archbishop, Thomas Cranmer, to introduce some of the Protestant reforms.
After Henry (and a short reign by his Protestant son Edward VI)
, his daughter Mary I became queen, persecuting Protestants and reintroducing Roman Catholic practices, but she died after 5 years and was succeeded by her sister Elizabeth I who changed back to Protestant ways again.
Following Elizabeth came James I, who had an authorised version of the Bible and Prayer Book produced in English. He was followed by Charles I, whose policies so upset the Scots, the Church, and Parliament that he was removed from the throne and beheaded as a 'traitor against the people'.
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